COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease which is responsible for obstructing the lungs and airways that keep your body and life active. As the name indicates, this group of disease is mainly caused due to smoking, allergies and pollution ingredients and thus; this disease can be considered as one of the most common and prevalent in women. COPD often comprise of poor health conditions such as emphysema and bronchitis due to which approximately 64000 women die in US on an annual basis. No doubt, COPD is now considered as the most fatal disease groups which does not only affect the quality of life but is also responsible for reducing the activeness of the patient. This disease will certainly take a toll on all kinds of life activities such as meeting friends, getting active and doing small tasks in your life.
Symptoms of COPD
- Coughing quantity: It is needless to say that coughing activity helps you get rid of all types of inhaled irritants but little or excess cough will cause a problem. Doctors will ask you about the cough quantity after which proper steps and recommendations will be suggested to make your cough productive or reducing the amount, if it is excreted in excess.
- Breathlessness: COPD considers breathlessness as the hidden symptom which must be discussed with your doctor whenever you are prompted to feel so. Occurrence time, time period and source of breathlessness should also be indicated to the doctor so that proper medications are offered to women patients.
- Looks and appearance of sputum: Mucus is often produced by lungs in protection against the irritants like cigarette smoke and other particles to trap them immediately. However, if you are producing deep green, yellow, reddish or brown mucus; infection brewing might be the result.
Main causes of COPD:
- Smoking – both active and passive marijuana, cigarette, pipe and cigar smokers
- Connective tissue disorders
What are the best treatment options for COPD?
It becomes really better to live better by breathing better and keeping the lung in healthy state, which is poorly affected by the COPD symptoms. Of course, the doctors will offer different types of treatment options depending on the initial, moderate or severe COPD stage but one thing is certain and common – just quit smoking!
- Bronchodilators: Helping the patient breath better by muscle relaxation technique
- Inhaled corticosteroids Suited well to severe COPD patients for the treatment of exacerbations and inflammation.
- Oxygen Therapy – Suited well if oxygen level has fallen in tissues and blood
- Pulmonary Rehabilitation: This includes physical activities and respiratory exercises to make the breathing muscles stronger and lung healthier. The treatment will help COPD patients with symptoms such as fatigue, breathlessness and increased anxiety.
- Surgery: This is the ultimate therapy for COPD diseases in which damaged or nonfunctional lung tissue and oversized air pockets are removed at the severe stage. Doctors will discuss with the patient before going into this very treatment because of hidden risks and complications in surgical approach.