Kidney disease or Chronic Kidney Failure (CKD) is a condition of human body when the organ fails to dispose of waste and excess water and allows all of them to accumulate into our body. There are different types of complications that may arise due to non-functional kidneys and other body systems are also affected. It should be noted here that there are no special or specific symptoms of the kidney disease or failure at the earliest stage but with increasing intensity of the disease, symptoms will grow and come into notice. As far as the matter of women deaths in US are concerned, kidney disease simply accounts for almost 2% deaths in the country every year. The two major contributing factors to the kidney disease are high blood pressure and diabetes. CKD has also been termed as chronic renal insufficiency or chronic renal failure.
Common symptoms of kidney disease
Researchers believe that patients with kidney disease will start witnessing the symptoms after a few initial months when kidney stops functioning. Many people also consider the kidney disease as the silent killer because patients have complained of not seeing symptoms for over 30 years! However, you will see here some of the symptoms that will help an individual to catch the disease at the earliest stage so that you can continue with the effective treatment.
- Urinary function changes: One of the first and prominent symptoms is the frequency and duration of urination which may increase or decrease in amount, which will be quickly accompanied by back pain and fever.
- Blood in urine: If you find blood in urine, you should be highly concerned about the kidney disease.
- Voiding pain or sensation: Some people also have witnessed burning sensation and difficulty while voiding which is a matter of concern.
- Swelling: Extra waste material and fluid will accumulate in the kidney if it stop working for the body. This will automatically lead to swelling in tissue and organ itself which is an indicator for kidney disease.
- Weight loss without any urge
- Breath shortness
- Itching and rashes in skin
- Concentration loss and dizziness
- Fatigue and extreme weakness
- Metallic taste or disguise and ammonia breath
- Sleeping troubles
What are the risk factors and causes of kidney disease?
There are plenty of disorders and risk factors that can start the process of kidney failure or disease in your body. These risk factors are mentioned below:
- High blood pressure
- Diabetes mellitus
- Family history of CKD
- Glomeruli inflammation
- Presence of cysts in kidneys
- Blocked or narrowed renal artery
- Kidney-damaging medications such as ibuprofen, NSAIDs and Celebrex
Diagnosis and treatment of Kidney Disease:
It is clear that kidney disease is caused due to onset of other disease or health disorders thus; it becomes essential for the patient to get treatment for the risk factors such as diabetes and high blood pressure. CT scan and ultrasound can predict about the kidney size, blockage in blood transmission and urine flow.
- Take kidney-friendly diet
- Exercise on daily basis
- Simply quit smoking and taking alcohol