Bibliotherapy: Appraisal of Evidence for Patients Diagnosed With Cancer.

Bibliotherapy: Appraisal of Evidence for Patients Diagnosed With Cancer.

Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2018 Aug 01;22(4):377-380

Authors: Malibiran R, Tariman JD, Amer K

Abstract
An appraisal of the evidence on the efficacy of bibliotherapy on anxiety, distress, and coping in patients with cancer is lacking in the literature. Bibliotherapy is a self-help intervention using a variety of tools, such as self-help workbooks, pamphlets, novels, and audiobooks, to improve mental health. This review identified nine original research articles that examined bibliotherapy as an intervention to alleviate the psychological issues associated with a cancer diagnosis. Data synthesis from these studies provides preliminary evidence that bibliotherapy is an acceptable and beneficial adjunct therapy for patients with cancer experiencing anxiety, depression, and ineffective coping.

PMID: 30035795 [PubMed - in process]

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Survivorship issues as determinants of quality of life after breast cancer treatment: Report from a limited resource setting.

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Survivorship issues as determinants of quality of life after breast cancer treatment: Report from a limited resource setting.

Breast. 2018 Jul 11;41:120-126

Authors: Kaur N, Gupta A, Sharma AK, Jain A

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors is affected by various long term sequelae of breast cancer treatment. The present study was conducted with the objectives to estimate prevalence of various survivorship issues, and to identify those which are most predictive of limitations in QOL after completion of primary therapy.
MATERIAL &METHODS: This study was conducted in 230 breast cancer survivors (BCs) and 112 controls at an academic centre in Northern India. Assessment of QOL was done by SF-36 and FACT-B questionnaires. Survivorship issues were noted from a checklist of 14 commonly reported symptoms. Main outcome measures were (1) frequencies of survivorship issues and QOL scores among three groups of survivors divided on the basis of time elapsed since treatment (<2, 2-5, and >5 year follow up) (2) Issues most predictive of limitations in QOL, identified by stepwise logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS: Longer term BCs showed higher QOL scores as compared to those in early follow up. However their QOL scores remained poorer compared to healthy women. The most prevalent survivorship issues were fatigue (60%), restriction of shoulder movement (59.6%), body and joint pain (63.5%), chemotherapy induced cessation of menstruation (73.3%) and loss of sexual desire (60%). Issues which had maximum impact on QOL scores were emotional distress (r = -11.375), fatigue (r = -9.27) and premature menopause (r = -2.085) and its related symptoms.
CONCLUSION: Management of these issues should be priority areas for supportive care, especially in settings with limited resource.

PMID: 30029054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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Uneven recovery patterns of compromised health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3 L) domains for breast Cancer survivors: a comparative study.

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Uneven recovery patterns of compromised health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3 L) domains for breast Cancer survivors: a comparative study.

Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2018 Jul 20;16(1):143

Authors: Yu J, Son WS, Lee SB, Chung IY, Son BH, Ahn SH, Jo MW, Lee JW

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in breast cancer survivors, few have compared HRQoL between breast cancer survivors and an age-matched general population in terms of improvement patterns according to time after surgery. Thus, we compared the postoperative changes in HRQoL in breast cancer survivors with those of age-matched general population groups using the EuroQoL five-dimension three-level questionnaire (EQ-5D-3 L).
METHODS: EQ-5D-3 L questionnaires were obtained from 686 breast cancer survivors during follow-up visits. They were divided into five groups according to time after surgery: 0-5 months, 6-11 months, 12-35 months, 36-59 months, and ≥ 60 months. Their EQ-5D-3 L data, covering five dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression), were compared with those of age-matched general population groups.
RESULTS: The mean EQ-5D-3 L index of breast cancer survivors was high in group with longer time after surgery and the mean EQ-5D-3 L index of breast cancer group over 5 years after surgery was similar to that of an age-matched general population (0.919 vs 0.928, p = 0.305). Although there were deficits in all dimensions of breast cancer survivors, motility eventually exceeded that of general population groups and self-care and usual activities of groups over 3 years after surgery matched those of general population however, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression of survivors over 5 years after surgery remained worse than those of the general population (p = 0.028, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Motility, self-care, and usual activities decreased in the early postoperative period for breast cancer survivors but showed recovery after 3 years. However, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression remained poorer in these patients than in the general population for many years.

PMID: 30029669 [PubMed - in process]

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