Clinical development of CDK4/6 inhibitor for breast cancer.

Clinical development of CDK4/6 inhibitor for breast cancer.

Breast Cancer. 2018 Feb 01;:

Authors: Iwata H

Endocrine therapy is the mainstay of treatment for patients with estrogen receptor positive (ER+)/HER2-negative (HER2-) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Many clinicians consider the sequential endocrine therapy is gold standard strategy because of better outcome and the maintenance of a better quality of life (QOL) for MBC patients. However, clinical practice shall be changed according to development of CDK4/6 inhibitor in current. CDK4/6 is key kinase which promote the cell cycle, and especially the expression of cyclin D1 and the activation of CDK4/6 to drive breast cancer proliferation. Currently positive data of several clinical trials using three CDK4/6 inhibitors (palbocilcib, ribociclib, abemaciclib) were published and primary endpoint were met in all phase III studies. Therefore, practice change of endocrine therapy has been achieved in ER positive MBC. This review will present clinical trial data, including both the efficacy and safety of CDK4/6 inhibitors for MBC, and describe the designs of the mainly ongoing clinical trials examining CDK4/6 inhibitors for the treatment of MBC and EBC.

PMID: 29392622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]