Health-related quality of life among cancer survivors in rural China.
Qual Life Res. 2018 Oct 29;:
Authors: Su M, Hua X, Wang J, Yao N, Zhao D, Liu W, Zou Y, Anderson R, Sun X
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) about the most common cancers survivors (lung, stomach, colorectal, breast, and esophageal cancer) in rural China.
METHODS: We administrated a cross-sectional study in three counties in Shandong province from August to September 2017. The five-level EuroQol-5-dimension (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire was used to measure the HRQoL among cancer patients at least 8 months post-diagnosis. The Chinese population-based preference trade-off time (TTO) model and discrete choice experiment (DCE) were used to convert the EQ-5D-5L utility score. Tobit regression model was used to identify independent associations between socio-demographic, clinical variables with the HRQoL.
RESULTS: In total, 452 cancer survivors were included. The mean EQ-5D-5L utility scores and Visual Analog Scale (EQ-VAS) scores were 0.841 (SD = 0.233) and 70.35 (SD = 18.80) for cancer survivors, respectively. Among the five dimensions, 58.6% of survivors had at least slight levels of pain/discomfort, and 39.2% showed at least slight levels of anxiety/depression. The influencing factors of HRQoL included cancer stage at diagnosis, tumor site, comorbidities, annual household income, and migrant worker status (rural-to-urban migration). Compared to other cancer patients, lung cancer patients had the lowest HRQoL. Higher household income and being a migrant worker were associated with a higher HRQoL for cancer survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: Cancer survivors in rural China have deteriorated HRQoL, and a substantial number of survivors have pain/discomfort problems. Our study provides detailed data on HRQoL of rural cancer survivors for future supportive and survivorship care in China.
PMID: 30374776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]