Lifestyle Interventions for Breast Cancer Prevention.
Curr Breast Cancer Rep. 2018 Sep;10(3):202-208
Authors: Brown JC, Ligibel JA
One-in-eight women in the United States will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. Despite the established efficacy of selective estrogen receptor modulators and aromatase inhibitors in reducing the risk of developing hormone receptor positive breast cancer, use of these therapies in clinical practice is often limited by concerns over toxicities that may negatively influence quality of life. There is emerging interest in the oncology community to understand how modifiable risk factors related to energy balance-such as obesity, physical inactivity, and poor dietary patterns-may relate to breast cancer risk. Over the past three decades, observational studies have reported that obesity, physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, and dietary patterns are associated with increased breast cancer risk. However, uncertainty exists about whether the observed associations are attributable to confounding from other factors. Randomized controlled trials are necessary to provide unbiased efficacy estimates of lifestyle changes on breast cancer risk. However, such trials would typically require a large sample size, long-term follow up, and substantial financial investment. One approach to manage these barriers is to leverage recent advances in precision prevention to select high-risk study participants to reduce sample size or shorten length of follow up. This approach may accelerate the translation of epidemiologic discoveries into proven population-based breast cancer prevention interventions.
PMID: 30713591 [PubMed]