Cervical cancer

cervical-cancer

Prevent cervical cancer as it is easier than trying to cure it once it has happened
The problem with any type of cancer is there is no particular reasons for it and neither can any treatment ensure 100% success no matter how far medical science might have reached. Cervical cancer is a malignant cancer that originates in the cervix of the uterus. The symptoms of the disease include:

  • Bleeding from the vagina
  • A foul smell from the vagina
  • Continuous or occasional discharge of unusual fluids from that vagina that are generally white or yellow in color
  • Pain during sexual intercourse which many people consider normal but the fact is, sexual intercourse is not supposed to be painful for women unless there is a hymen involved.
  • Loss of appetite and libido
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Swollen and painful legs
  • Painful back
  • Weight loss
  • Frequently falling ill

However, often there are no symptoms at all until the cancer has progressed to an advanced stage and this is when things go out of hand. Therefore, it is recommended that people who face even a bit of problem while urinating or notice the slightest abnormality in their vagina’s must not neglect these little symptoms. If detected in the initial stages, the best of treatments can ensure complete cure but in advanced stages nothing can be ensured.

The treatment in early stages is obviously less complicated than the treatment in advanced stages. Initial stages of cervical cancer can be treated by surgery like local excision. For advanced stages, the only possible treatments are:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

It is recommended that every woman performs a routine check and with the help of breakthrough innovations such as the Pap smear test, check whether there is a possibility for them to develop cancer. The intention of such recommendations is not to scare you but only to awaken you to possible health risks and guide you towards the effective solution in case of unfortunate positive test results. The best news is that the cervical screening programs have come into use and reduced the cases of invasive cervical cancer.

The types of cells cancer can develop in are limited but these are the cells that have the most complicated DNA structure and therefore, the exact reason behind such cancers or tumors cannot be detected yet. The cells that are prone to turn cancerous are:

  • Squamous epithelial cells
  • Adenocarcinoma

Cancer hardly occurs in any other kind of cell. The squamous cells are flat cells that line the cervix and the Adenocarcinoma are the ones that arise in the glandular epithelial cells.

Treatment of cancer once it has already happened is difficult and painful. There are some ways in which you can reduce the chances of developing cervical cancer. The human papillomavirus or the HPV is said to be one of the potential causes of cancer and so is the human immunodeficiency virus. Contracting these viruses can be avoided by sticking to one sexual partner who too in turn has no other sexual partner and the use of condoms to prevent STDs.