Septicemia or sepsis is now considered as a serious infection in postpartum or pregnant women that are admitted in hospital for pregnancy purposes. Infection caused by septicemia is also sometimes, termed as the blood poisoning, which becomes responsible for body inflammation and organ dysfunction. Risks of sepsis for the pregnant women are increasing day by day and this is more common in pregnant women that have got some sort of history related to chronic illness. So, development of sepsis or blood poisoning in women may result in organ dysfunction for more than 30% of such cases and a few severe cases have also ended in deaths. It should be noted here that pregnant women are more vulnerable to infections ad chronic diseases such as kidney disease, illness, HIV, lupus, liver disease and congestive heart failure. It really becomes mandatory for both the physicians and women to know about the risks factors, treatment options and common symptoms of septicemia for improved protection against this disease.
What is septicemia or sepsis?
Infection caused by Septicemia is one of the fatal and life threatening infections and it is a medical condition which is primarily caused by additional immune response to any kind of infection. Most of the chemicals released in blood to resist against infection might result inflammation at a large scale. It must be noted here that sepsis can simply damage your organs and if it is followed by quick blood clotting, will definitely stop the flow of oxygen and blood to major body parts such as limbs. Septic shock or acute drop in blood pressure is what may be the fatal end of such serious medical condition which has the capability to make important organs like liver, lungs and liver non-functional. At least, 750000 people in US alone are affected by such infections on annual basis, which is an alarming situation.
Causes of Septicemia and possible risk factors
Common causes of sepsis:
- Bacterial infections
- Medical problems like urinary tract infection, meningitis, pneumonia, appendicitis and nicked cuticle
- Osteomyelitis or bone infection
Common risk factors for pregnant women:
- Cesarean sections
- HIV, influenza
- Prolonged labor
- Obstructed cesarean or vaginal delivery
- Widespread infections after vaginal delivery
- Surgical incisions
- Bed sores
- Urinary catheters
- IV lines
People with higher risks to sepsis:
- Diabetic patients
- Weak immune system either due to cancer, AIDS or prolonged intake of suppressing drugs
- Elder people with sustainable health problems
- People with invasive medical procedures
Symptoms of sepsis:
There are several types of symptoms which can be seen in patients but it may start with confusion, loss in concentration and rapid breathing.
- Vomiting and nausea
- Urination deficiency
- Rapid pulse
- Fever with shaking chills
Treatment for Septicemia:
First of all, the patients will be diagnosed for the occurrence of sepsis, where the physician will take tests for the analysis of:
- Low BP
- Blood bacteria count
- Low platelet
- Extra acid presence in blood
- Change in liver or kidney function
- Change in white blood cell count
- Infection source
Sepsis can be easily treated today by quick hospitalization, therapy support for organ dysfunction and giving suitable doses of intravenous antibiotics.