Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, more commonly known as, CPR is a lifesaving technique. It comes in handy during many life threating situations like heart attacks, cardiac arrest or close to drowning. In all these cases, the breathing of the victim or the heartbeat of the victim stops. CPR is a combination of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest compressions. This process helps in delivering oxygen and artificial circulation to a person whose heart has just stopped.
For the ones that are untrained, then you should provide hands only CPR. That means uninterrupted chest compressions of about 100 a minute until paramedics arrive. Foe the trained ones, begin with chest compressions instead of first checking the airway and doing rescue breathing. Then start CPR with 30 chest compressions before checking the airway and giving rescue breaths.
A CPR keeps in maintaining an oxygenated blood flow to the brain, lungs and vital organs until a medical treatment can bring back the regular heart beat. The reason a quick CPR is required is that when a heart stops, the less quantity of oxygenated blood can cause the brain damage. And a person may die within 8-10 minutes.
Here are the three quick steps of CPR:
- See to it that the patient is lying on his back on a firm surface. You should kneel down and sit near the patients shoulder and neck. Now place the heel of one hand over the center of the person’s chest, between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands.
- Use your upper body weight as you push straight down on the chest at least 2 inches. Push hard at a rate of about 100 compressions a minute.
- Continue the chest compressions until there are signs of movement or until emergency medical personnel take over.
It is also very important to check if the person is completely conscious before one performs a CPR on him.