Early integration of palliative care facilitates the discontinuation of anticancer treatment in women with advanced breast or gynecologic cancer.

Early integration of palliative care facilitates the discontinuation of anticancer treatment in women with advanced breast or gynecologic cancer.

Gynecol Oncol. 2014 Aug 27;

Authors: Rugno FC, Paiva BS, Paiva CE

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate some health indicators in women with advanced breast or gynecological cancer (ABGC) after discontinuation of active cancer treatment in function of the model of care received.
METHODS: This prospective study included patients who were discontinuing anticancer treatment to be followed up only with Palliative Care (PC). Patients who had been evaluated at least once in PC were categorized into the Integrated Care Model (ICM); those who had not been consulted by the PC team before, as the Traditional Care Model (TCM). Data were analyzed using chi-square, Mann-Whitney, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox regression model.
RESULTS: Among the 87 patients included in the study, 37 (42.5%) had been previously evaluated by the PC team (ICM). Patients who were followed up under an ICM exhibited better QoL (global health, p=0.02; emotional functioning, p=0.03; social functioning, p=0.01; insomnia, p=0.02) and less depression (p=0.01). The communication process was not adequate for 27% of patients followed up in a TCM and for 58% of those under the ICM (p=0.004). Patients who were not previously evaluated in PC received more chemotherapy in the last 6weeks of life compared to those who had already been evaluated (40% versus 5.9%, p=0.001). Early evaluation in PC was one of the independent prognostic factors of overall survival.
CONCLUSION: When followed up concurrently by a PC and clinical oncology team, patients reported better QoL, less depression, received less chemotherapy within the last 6weeks of life and survived longer than those followed up under a TCM.

PMID: 25173586 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]