Effects of a Short-Term Dance Movement Therapy Program on Symptoms and Stress in Patients with Breast Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy: A Randomized, Controlled, Single-Blind Trial.
J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 Mar 11;
Authors: Ho RT, Fong TC, Cheung IK, Yip PS, Luk MY
CONTEXT: Integrated interventions with combined elements of body movement and psychotherapy on treatment-related symptoms in cancer patients are relatively scarce.
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to study the effectiveness of dance movement therapy (DMT) on improving treatment-related symptoms in a randomized controlled trial.
METHODS: A total of 139 Chinese patients with breast cancer awaiting adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) were randomized to DMT or control group. The intervention included six 1.5-hour DMT sessions provided twice a week over the course of RT. Self-report measures on perceived stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain, sleep disturbance, and quality of life were completed before and after the three-week program.
RESULTS: DMT showed significant effects on buffering the deterioration in perceived stress, pain severity, and pain interference (Cohen d = 0.34 to 0.36, P < 0.05). No significant intervention effects were found on anxiety, depression, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and quality of life (Cohen d = 0.01 to 0.20, P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The short-term DMT program can counter the anticipated worsening of stress and pain in women with breast cancer during radiotherapy.
PMID: 26975625 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]