Exploring factors associated with breast cancer screening among women aged 15-49 years in Lesotho

Pan Afr Med J. 2021 Feb 2;38:108. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2021.38.108.21110. eCollection 2021.


INTRODUCTION: breast cancer is associated with serious morbidity, low quality of life and mortality. Prevention through early screening remains one of the most optimal strategies against breast cancer. The primary objective of this analysis was to determine the prevalence of breast cancer screening using the clinical breast examination (CBE) and breast self-examination (BSE) methods among women aged 15-49 years, and the secondary objective was to explore demographic and socio-economic factors associated with clinical breast examination (CBE) and breast self-examination (BSE) breast cancer screening methods.

METHODS: the study used Demographic Health Survey data collected in 2014. The study participants were Basotho women aged 15-49 years. STATA 17 was employed for developing logistic regressions and weighting for sampling probabilities and non-response. Complex sampling procedures were also considered during testing of statistical significance.

RESULTS: variables that were associated with significantly increased odds of having you had a breast cancer either self-examination or clinical test in last 12 months were: i) visiting a health centre in the past 12 months [odd ratio (OR): 1.21 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02, p = 1.43); p = 0.025]; ii) completion of primary level education [1.27 ((1.10; 1.49); 0.001]; iii) being aware of breast cancer [2.18 (1.78;2.65); 0.001]; and iv) age [35-39 years: 1.40 (1.10;1.78);0.007]; while district of origin [Butha – Buthe: 0.63 (0.46; 0.85); 0.003] was significantly associated with decreased odds of the outcome.

CONCLUSION: our findings suggest that raising awareness about breast cancer is the most effective method of improving breast cancer screening among women in Lesotho.

PMID:33912278 | PMC:PMC8051214 | DOI:10.11604/pamj.2021.38.108.21110